On 29th October, all across the globe World Stroke Day is observed by various healthcare institutes, organizations and medical professionals by conducting different events, educating, and raising awareness among masses to minimize the death and disability caused due to stroke. In 2010, stroke was declared as a public health emergency by World Stroke Organization (WSO). The campaign by WSO has landed a great support to all medical institutes and various organizations that have initiated to strive against stroke.
Dr. Vipul Gupta Head, Neurointerventional Surgery, Medanta – The Medicity along with his colleagues have formed “STROKE AND NEUROVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS FOUNDATION” to impart public education and increase awareness among common man and general physicians for prevention and treatment in stroke. The effort will be made to train and empower the physicians to handle a medical emergency like stroke. The early treatment is critical because at that stage the stroke may be reversible or the damage can be limited. “Every minute if stroke is untreated, the average patient loses 1.9 million (19 Lakh) neurons (brain cells)”.
Every year millions of people become victim of stroke. It is considered to be the third most common cause of death and disability. The statistics states that one in six people will have stroke in their lifetime and this toll will increase with flow of time, in countries like India due to changing lifestyle, urbanization, stress, smoking, salt/alcohol intake. However with the help of modern methods of minimally invasive neuro intervention techniques have revolutionized the treatment of carotid stenosis, acute strokes, brain aneurysm and AVMs many patients can achieve a complete recovery and lead a normal life if they are detected early.
The prime focus of this foundation is to educate masses through different media platforms like WhatsApp, Facebook, You tube and also with a special application for stroke. Along with this collaborative program with other agencies and training program for healthcare professional will also be a part of its curriculum.
Dr. Vipul says; “The increase in numbers of deaths due to stroke is majorly due to lack of awareness. Therefore the foundation will be helping the people and communities to recognize the symptoms of stroke and prevent it from its consequences. Dr Gupta clarifies with early symptoms of stroke named as “FAST” that can help you to recognize the stroke and could save you from further consequences. Here F stands for face drooping, second A that stands for weakness in arms, then S reminds the sign of difficulty in speaking and T is for time to call for hospital emergency. Apart from these four there are symptoms, which are beyond “FAST” includes trouble in understanding, severe headache, dizziness, numbness in leg.”Once the symptoms are recognized person should be immediately taken to hospital particularly stroke centres, where could be given a stroke treatment.
Dr Gupta Explains; If patient comes in first few hours (4.5 hrs), clot busting drug (t-PA) cab be given. Blood vessel can also be opened by intervention technique. Neurointerventionist goes through leg blood vessel and by special devices can take out the clot to restore the blood flow, helping brain to recover. The intervention can be done upto 8-hours and by these modern treatment methods patients have better chance to recover after stroke.
The foundation also highlights the prevention from risk factors of stroke such as 80% of strokes can be prevented by following seven simple ways by getting physically active, healthy eating habits, saying no to smoking, controlling blood sugar levels, lowering cholesterol and shedding out excess weight through regular exercise.
Dr. Vipul Gupta says with the help of modern intervention techniques and widespread awareness among people and medical community it is possible to reverse the stroke that can decrease the number of deaths and disability incidence.